Fighting a Dam from the Ground Up

“These people want Africa to remain as it currently is with all its misery and poverty… I believe the position taken by such groups is not only irrational but also bordering on the criminal.

If someone were to read this passage from a recent speech given by Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Meles Zenawi at the Conference of Hydropower for Sustainable Development, one would think that he was talking about foreign governments withholding aid money. Or maybe some neocolonial force that was trying to stop Ethiopia’s economic development. However, he was not referring to foreign governments or neocolonial forces; he was referring to groups like AJWS grantee Friends of Lake Turkana who have been tirelessly advocating against the building of the Gibe III dam in Ethiopia. If built, this dam would destroy the livelihoods of the people who live on the shores of Lake Turkana in Kenya—people who already struggle to survive and have been marginalized for generations. The dam would slowly drain the waters of the Lake, depriving indigenous communities of their source of water, food and livelihood. Numerous studies, such as this January 2011 report by International Rivers, clearly show that the impact assessments of the project were flawed. The dam violates numerous Ethiopian and international laws and it will have disastrous effects on Lake Turkana’s communities.

Prime Minister Zenawi is under the impression that all organizations advocating for resource rights in Africa are from the West. For many years, resource rights issues in Africa were taken up by large US or Europe-based environmental organizations, but this is quickly changing.

Just like Friends of Lake Turkana in Kenya, other locally-based organizations such as Save My Future Foundation in Liberia and the National Association for Professional Environmentalists in Uganda are grassroots organizations that are fighting battles against governments, multinational corporations, and other powerful actors to ensure they have local control over their natural resources.

Although they are fighting an uphill battle, Friends of Lake Turkana and the groups that they are working with have achieved some very important victories. Many of the dam’s initial funders, such as the African Development Bank, World Bank, European Investment Bank and, most recently, the Italian Development Corporation have all withdrawn financial support of the project.  The only country that continues to support the project is China—a country that has recently received a great deal of negative press about their investment practices in Africa.

Friends of Lake Turkana is a concrete example of how local communities can successfully fight for their rights from the ground up. Although they still have work to do, they have shown that indigenous communities, no matter how marginalized or remote they may be, can stand up to foreign governments, international organizations and companies to achieve results.

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2 Responses to Fighting a Dam from the Ground Up

  1. Moja says:

    Dear Friends of Lake Turkana Hope Ethiopian and Kenyan Peoples are also friends who should share the resource endowed to them in a manner to mutual benefit rather than on competing and rivalry engagement. Both Ethiopia and Kenya have more than 100 million people combined and need to develop hand in hand with broader vision and understanding to solve issues related to common natural resource and currently the effect of Drought which both faced at the same time. As an Ethiopian we are used to sharing what we had with our neighbors and I believe that the case of Lake Turkana area people need to be addressed so that they benefit most from the projects along with the broader citizens of both nations. Although we don’t agree with what the then resource grabbing Europeans did to the extent of extincting indigenous people to fulfill their development aspirations. We can’t tight our selves with their heartless and baseless environment concern which is alienated from wider consideration of long run benefit of humankind with careful engagement with environment. They are only focusing on the dam to decrease the water flow while even without any dam degradation of the upper stream ecology due to poverty (deforestation and decrese of rain fall) had already started to impact the lake. Regarding the concern of you (Kenyans) we better exchange Ideas and proposals that help us to solve the problem. And some in both our countries cry louder to whomever fills their pocket. It is difficult to Ethiopia and even to Kenya to loose such an opportunity with out giving a try to compromise and working hard to resolve the Issue and address the concern.

    If death is imminent with poverty and lack of development better for us to die while trying to come out of cycle of poverty. “Aluta Contnua!!!”

  2. Vergie says:

    Beggars can’t be choosers.

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